Earthsummit 2002 - A guide to UK Local Agenda 21 renewable energy projects. Earthsummit 2002
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A fossil.

Fosil fuels are history.

Coal, oil and gas were formed underground over millions of years. But we've burnt off about half of what's available in the last hundred years. If we try to burn off the rest of what's left, then we could change the world's climate drastically.

The use of fossil fuels to generate electricity is a major contributor to emissions of carbon dioxide, one of the main causes of climate change.

Today the world obtains three-fifths of its energy from oil and gas. Oil is being consumed at such a rate that known reserves will run our this century. When these reserves are exhausted we will need to look for new ways to generate power.

The best sources of energy are those called 'renewable'. They include the power available from the sun, from the wind, tides and waves.

At present, renewables supply only about a fifth of the world's energy needs. But if they were developed, renewables could meet all the world's needs this century.

This year the Earth summit will take place in South Africa, 10 years after the first Earth Summit, to review the world's environment and development. All the world's leaders are expected to attend. Governments around the world will be reporting on a decade of sustainable development initiatives.

Britain has lead the world in the reduction of green house emissions and has introduced new legislation requiring electricity suppliers to get 10% of their electricity from renewable sources by 2010. By then the UK Government expects to create a £1 billion market for renewables. In addition a £260 million support programme has been provided over the next 3 years.

© Ambit Interactive 2002
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